The UNESCO Courier just released a new issue, “Welcome to the Anthropocene.” The Wide Angle portion of the journal includes an article by The Center for Climate and Security’s Caitlin Werrell and Francesco Femia on climate change and conflict, summarized below (read the full article here):
The effects of global warming on the world’s physical landscape often lead to geopolitical changes that threaten to destabilize already vulnerable regions, like the Horn of Africa. The stresses on natural resources undermine the capacity of nations to govern themselves, and increase the chances of conflicts. When compared to other drivers of international security risks, climate change can be modelled with a relatively high degree of certainty. But between predicting and preparing, there is still a long way to go.
The introduction to the issue is copied below. The full issue is available here.
Anthropocene, Technosphere, Great Acceleration, Sixth Extinction – a lot is being written about these ideas, both in the press and in scientific literature. But what exactly do these terms mean? To begin with, what precisely is the Anthropocene? What are the scientific, ethical and political implications of this hotly debated concept? The term – anthropo for human, and cene for new – was coined at the end of the twentieth century with the view to label a new geological epoch which we may have entered, following significant changes to Earth’s ecosystem as a result of human activity.
We are witnessing the disappearance of animal and plant species at an unprecedented rate since human life began. The Technosphere – which comprises the array of technological materials that we use, or have used and discarded – has reached a massive 30,000 billion tons. Climate change is affecting every aspect of our lives, including security, especially in the most vulnerable regions of the world.
Some consider that this new epoch is the consequence of an irresponsible capitalist system, and prefer to use the term Capitalocene. Others see humans as a geological force that could usher in a Sixth Extinction long before its time. But is humankind really on the verge of a catastrophe?
With such dire forecasts of doom causing widespread angst among people everywhere, the Courier asked a broad spectrum of experts from the sciences, including geologists and biologists, and the humanities – political scientists, sociologists, economists, and historians – to present their views on the question in its Wide Angle section. The experts come from different geographical and cultural backgrounds and have avoided the use of jargon. But just in case anyone still feels lost, a Lexicon of words for this new age of humans is included, to guide the reader through.