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Academic, Think Tank & NGO

Climate and Security Resources: Academic, Think Tank and NGO

This page includes a list of resources on the nexus of climate change and security by a selection of Academic, Think Tank and NGO sources. For a full list see the Climate Security Resource Hub main page.

2017

“Facing an Unpredictable Threat: Is NATO Ideally Placed to Manage Climate Change as a Non-Traditional Threat Multiplier?,”  Amar Causevic,  Connections: The Quarterly Journal, George C. Marshall European Centre for Security Studies, 2017

The Securitization of Climate Change: Australian and United States’ Military Responses (2003 – 2013),” Michael Durant Thomas, The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science, Springer, 2017

A Responsibility to Prepare: Governing in an Age of Unprecedented Risk and Unprecedented Foresight, The Center for Climate and Security, August 2017

Epicenters of Climate and Security: The New Geostrategic Landscape of the Anthropocene,” The Center for Climate and Security, June 2017

The Alliance in a Changing Climate: Bolstering the NATO Mission Through Climate Preparedness, The Center for Climate and Security, May 2017

“India, Climate Change and Security in South Asia,” The Center for Climate and Security, May 2017

Climate change and security,” Werrell and Femia (the Center for Climate and Security), Crisis Response, Volume 12, Issue 3, April 2017, pp. 44-47

Why and how to use foresight tools to manage climate security risks, The Center for Climate and Security, April 2017

“A Responsibility to Prepare: Why the U.S. National Security Community Takes Climate Risks Seriously,” April 2017

“Responsibility to Prepare: A Whole of Government Approach to Climate and Security in Three Steps,” March 2017

“Climate Security Risks in the Asia Pacific: An Opportunity for U.S. Engagement,” The Center for Climate and Security, Feb 2017

Coastal Megacities vs the Sea: Climate and Security in Urban Spaces, The Center for Climate and Security, Feb 2017

2016

2016: “The U.S. Department of Defense Rationale for Innovative Energy Investments,” Dec 2016

2016: “Climate Change, the Erosion of State Sovereignty, and World Order,” Werrell and Femia (the Center for Climate and Security), The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Volume XII, Issue 2, Spring-Summer 2016, pp. 221-235. Full article here.

2016: 2016 Special Issue: Climate Change and Policy, Marine Corps University Journal

2016: Putting Environmental Stress (Back) on the Mass Atrocities Agenda, The Stanley Foundation

2016: The Climate and Security Advisory Group (CSAG) Briefing Book for a New Administration, The Center for Climate and Security

2016: Military Expert Panel Report: Sea Level Rise and the U.S. Military’s Mission, The Center for Climate and Security

2016: Climate Security Consensus Project Statement, The Center for Climate and Security

2016: The Climate-Nuclear-Security Nexus: A Collision Course or a Road to New Opportunities?, The Center for Climate and Security

2016: “Climate Change and US National Security: Past, Present and Future,” Peter Engelke and Daniel Chiu, The Atlantic Council

2016: Spatiotemporal drought variability in the Mediterranean over the last 900 years, Cook et al.

2016: The Commander in Chief’s Authority to Combat Climate Change, Nevitt, M. Cardozo Law Review (and summary via New Security Beat)

2015

2015: The U.S. Asia-Pacific Rebalance, National Security and Climate Change, The Center for Climate and Security in partnership with Carnegie Mellon University Civil and Environmental Engineering, Center for a New American Security and the University of Oxford.

2015: A Catch 22 or an Opportunity? Climate change and instability in the Middle East and North Africa – the cases of Syria and Egypt, Femia and Werrell, the Center for Climate and Security

2015: Climate Security 101, The Center for Climate and Security

2015: Hampton Roads, Virginia and the Military’s Battle Against Sea Level Rise, The Center for Climate and Security

2015: Be Prepared: Climate Change, Security and Australia’s Defence Force, Climate Council

2015: Climate Security 101, The Center for Climate and Security

2015: The Longest Conflict: Australia’s Climate Security Challenge, Centre for Policy Development

2015: The SAIS Review of International Affairs: The Era of Man: Environmental Security on a Changing Planet, Volume 35, Number 1, Winter-Spring 2015

2015: Climate Change and Vietnamese Fisheries: Opportunities for Conflict Prevention, The Center for Climate and Security

2015: A New Climate for Peace: Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks, Independent report commissioned by members of the G7
Produced by adelphi, International Alert, the Woodrow Wilson Center and the European Union Institute for Security Studies.

2015: Climate Change as Threat Multiplier: Understanding the Broader Nature of the Risk, The Center for Climate and Security

2015: The Era of Man: Environmental Security on a Changing PlanetThe SAIS Review of International Affairs. Volume 35, Number 1, Winter-Spring 2015

2015: Climate Change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought.  Kelley, Colin P.; Mohtadi, Shahrzad; Cane, Mark; Seager, Richard; Kushnir, Yochanan. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

2014

2014: Topic Guide: Conflict, Climate and Environment. Peters, K. and J. Vivekananda, ODI and International Alert

2014: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan: Land and Water Conflicts, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: Water, drought, climate change, and conflict in Syria. Gleick, P.H., in Weather, Climate and Society

2014: Climate Security and Justice for Small Island Developing States. The Hague Institute for Global Justice

2014: [Update] Climate and Security 101: Why the U.S. National Security Establishment Takes Climate Change Seriously, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: Migration as a climate adaptation strategy in developed nations, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: Environmental and Energy Issues for the Military. Environment and Energy Security for the Americas, Military Resiliency and Readiness. Environmental and Energy Collaboration Group (EECG)

2014: The U.S. Military, 3D Printing, and a Climate Secure Future, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: “Global Estimates 2014: People Displaced by Disasters,” Norwegian Refugee Council, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre

2014: Message to Davos: Climate Change Risk Assessments Need to Go Big, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: “National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change,” CNA Corporation

2014: Forced Migration Review. Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford

2014: The U.S. Military, 3D Printing, and a Climate Secure Future, The Center for Climate and Security

2014: Climate Change and EU Security Policy: An Unmet Challenge. Youngs, R. Carnegie Europe

2013

2013: The Arab Spring and Climate Change. Werrell, C. and Femia, F. Center for Climate and Security, CAP, The Stimson Center.

2013: Thirty-Eight Leading U.S. National Security Experts Urge Action on International Climate Change Initiatives. Partnership for a Secure America

2013: Climate Change, Conflict and Certainty: New Research in Context, The Center for Climate and Security

2013: The Global Security Defense Index on Climate Change Preliminary Results: National Security Perspectives on Climate Change from Around the World. Holland, A. and Vagg, X.

2013: Hydropolitics, Climate Change and Peace-building in the South Caucasus, The Center for Climate and Security

2013: Underpinning the MENA Democratic Transition: Delivering Climate, Energy and Resource Security. E3G

2013: Planning for Complex Risks: Environmental Change, Energy Security and the Minerva Initiative. Briggs, Chad.

2013: The Climate-Water-Energy Security Nexus in Central Asia, The Center for Climate and Security

2013: Environmental Security, Military Planning, and Civilian Research: The Case of Water. O’Lear, S., Briggs, C. Denning, G. Environment Magazine.

2013: Understanding Climate Diplomacy: Building diplomatic capacity and systems to avoid dangerous climate change. Mabey, N. Gallager, B, Born, C. E3G.

2013: Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. Dabelko, G. et al. Woodrow Wilson Center.

2012

2012: Syria: Climate Change, Drought and Social Unrest, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Climate Extremes: Recent Trends With Implications for National Security, Harvard University

2012: Protecting Americans in the 21st Century: Communicating Priorities for 2012 and Beyond. National Homeland Security Consortium.

2012: The 3D Printing Revolution, Climate Change and National Security: An Opportunity for U.S. Leadership, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Eye on Iran: Lake Urmia, Water, Climate and Security in a Volatile Region, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: A Marshall Plan to Combat Climate Change in the Asia-Pacific: The Missing Piece of the New U.S. Security Strategy, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Mali: Migration, Militias, Coups and Climate Change, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: High Tide on Main Street. Rising Sea Level and the Coming Coastal Crisis. Englander, John.

2012: When National Disasters Go Global: Drought in the U.S., Food and Global Insecurity, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Climate Security Report. Foley, C. and Holland, A. American Security Project.

2012: Climate-Security a Reality, Not a Narrative, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Egypt’s Political Transition and the Rising Sea: An Opportunity for Reform, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Building a New Libya in a New Climate: Water as a Key to Cooperation, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Climate Change & International Security: The Arctic as a Bellwether. Huebert, R. et al., Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

2012: Climate and Security 101: Why the U.S. National Security Establishment Takes Climate Change Seriously, The Center for Climate and Security

2012: Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict in Northwest Africa Rising Dangers and Policy Options Across the Arc of Tension. Werz, M. and Conley, L. Center for American Progress and Heinrich Böll Stiftung

2012: Cooperation from Strength: The United States, China and the South China Sea. Cronin, P. et al., Center for a New American Security (CNAS)

2012: A New Security Architecture for the Arctic: An American Perspective, Conley, H. et al., Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)

2012: Water Scarcity, Regional Security and Comprehensive Planning. Remarks as prepared for the Al Nahrain Center workshop Water, Food, Energy and the Security of Iraq. Briggs, C. Air University, USAF

2012: Climate Change in UK security policy:  implications for development assistance? Harris, K. Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

2012: Special Issue: Climate Change and Conflict. Journal of Peace Research.

2012: Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict, Werz, Conley, Center for American Progress and Heinrich Böll Stiftung

2012: Developing Strategic and Operational Environmental Intelligence Capabilities, Intelligence and National Security, Briggs, C. Intelligence and National Security 27:5, 653-668

2011

2011: Climate Security Vulnerability in Africa. Busby, J. Presentation, Woodrow Wilson Center

2011: The Inadequate U.S. Response to a Major Security Threat: Climate Change, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: A New Libya in a New Climate: Charting a Sustainable Course for the Post-Gaddafi Era, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: Thailand Forecast: Floods, Droughts and Political Instability, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: Transatlantic Dialogue on Climate Change and Security: Final Report. Holland, A. London: International Institute for Strategic Studies

2011: If Climate Change is a Security Threat Who’s Qualified to Fight It? Hint: Everyone, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: The Nile Basin: Preventing Water Conflict, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: Conflicts Associated with the Global Climate. Hsiang, Meng & Cane. Presentation, Woodrow Wilson Center

2011: Can Political Institutions Avert Violence from Climate Change? Research Brief – August 2011. Kuperman, A. Austin, Tx: Strauss Center CCAPS

2011: Unintended Consequences: Thomas Midgley and the Geo-engineering Treadmill, The Center for Climate and Security

2011: Degrees of Risk: Defining a Risk Management Framework for Climate Security. Mabey, N. et al. E3G

2011: The inadequate US response to a major security threat: Climate change, Femia, F., Parthemore, C. Werrell, C. The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

2011: Livelihood Security: Climate Change, Migration and Conflict in the Sahel. UNEP

2010

2010: Climate Change and Mediterranean Security. Brauch, H.-G., Barcelona: IEMed.

2010: Locating Climate Insecurity: Where Are the Most Vulnerable Places in Africa? Busby, J. et al. Austin, Texas: The Robert S. Strauss Center.

2010: Mapping Climate Change and Security in North Africa. Busby, J. et al. Washington, DC: GMF.

2010: Climate change and conflict: Working Paper. A framework for analysis and action. Campbell, I. London: Saferworld.

2010: Climate change and conflict: Lessons from community conservancies in northern Kenya. Conflict Development Center, IISD and Saferworld. Nairobi, Winnipeg and London.

2010: Climate-Related Impacts on National Security in Mexico and Central America. Feakin, T. and Depledge, D. Royal United Services Institute (RUSI).

2010: Climate Security: Impacts and Opportunities for Transatlantic Relations. Feakin, T. and Depledge, D. Washington, DC: GMF.

2010: Shifting Bases, Shifting Perils: A Scoping Study on Security Implications of Climate Change in the OSCE Region and Beyond. Maas, A. et al.  Berlin: Adelphi Research in Kooperation mit Chatham House und Cimera.

2010: Facing the Climate Security Threat: Why the Security Community Needs a “Whole-of-Government” Response to Global Climate Change. Mabey, N. Washington, DC: GMF.

2010: Climate Conflict: how global warming threatens security and what to do about it. Mazo, J., London: International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

2010: Climate Change and National Security: A field map and analysis of funding opportunities. Sherry, C., Philanthropic Consulting

2010: Future Landscapes of Conflict or Cooperation? Climate Security Needs Transatlantic Leadership. Taenzler, D. and Carius, A. Washington, DC: GMF.

2010: Environmental Change, Strategic Foresight, and Impacts on Military Power: Redefining the Environment for Scenario Planning. Briggs, C. Strategic Studies Institute.

2009

2009: Environmental Security, Abrupt Climate Change and Strategic Intelligence. Briggs, C., U.S. Department of Energy

2009: Climate Change and Security in Africa. A Study for the Nordic-African Foreign Ministers Meeting. Brown, O. and A. Crawford.  Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development.

2009: Rising Temperatures, Rising Tensions. Climate Change and the Risk of Violent Conflict in the Middle East. Brown, O. and A. Crawford. Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development.

2009: Regional Security Implications of Climate Change. A Synopsis. Maas, Achim and Dennis Tänzler.  Berlin: Adelphi Consult.

2009: The future is here: Climate change in the Pacific.  Maclellan, Nic. Oxfam Briefing Paper 2009. Oxfam Australia and Oxfam New Zealand.

2009: Environmental Law and Policy:  Climate Change as a Threat to International Peace and Security. Gupta, Sonia. Perspectives on Global Issues.

2009: In Search of Shelter: Mapping the Effects of Climate Change on Human Migration and Displacement. Warner, K./Ehrhart, C./de Sherbinin, A./Adamo, S./Chai-Onn, T., CARE International.

2009: Climate Change and Environmental Migration. Seventeenth OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum. Briggs, C.

2008

2008: Climate Change, National Security, and the Quadrennial Defense Review: Avoiding the perfect storm. Ackerman, J. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Spring 2008

2008: American Security Project, A New American Arsenal

2008: Council on Foreign Relations, Confronting Climate Change: A Strategy for U.S. Foreign Policy

2008:Climate Change and Security. Challenges for German Development Cooperation, Carius, A./Tänzler, D./Maas, A.  Eschborn: GTZ.

2008: Climate Change: Addressing the Impact on Human Security. Dokos, T. et al. Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy.

2007

2007-2008: The Security Implications of Climate Change, John Podesta and Peter Ogden

2007: National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, CNA

2007: The Age of Consequences: The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Global Climate Change, CSIS and CNAS

2007: Climate Change and Security in Asia: Issues and Implications for Australia. Barnett, John.  Melbourne-Asia Policy Paper 9. The University of Melbourne.

2007: Climate change as the ‘new’ security threat: implications for Africa. Brown, O./Hammill, A./McLeman, R.  International Affairs 83: 6, 1141-1154.

2007: Climate Change and National Security. An Agenda for Action. Busby, Joshua.  CSR No. 32. Washington: Council on Foreign Relations.

2007: Beyond Disasters: Creating opportunities for peace. Chafe, Zoё and Michael Renner.  Washington: Worldwatch Institute.

2007: Climate Change: A New Threat to Middle East Security. Freimuth, L./Bromberg, G./Mehyar, M./Al Khateeb, N.  EcoPeace/Friends of the Earth Middle East.

2007: World in Transition. Climate Change as a Security Risk. Executive Summary. German Advisory Council on Global Change. Berlin.

2007: A climate of conflict. The links between climate change, war and peace. Smith, Dan and Janani Vivekananda.  London: International Alert.

2007: Climate Change and Foreign Policy. Drexhage, John et al.  Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).

2007: Climate Change and Borders. Paskal, Cleo. London: Chatham House.

2007: Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict. Barnett, J. Adger, W. N. Political Geography 26 (2007) 639-655.

2007: Trends and Triggers: Climate Change and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Hendrix, Cullen S. and Glaser, Sarah M., Political Geography, Vol. 26, Issue 6, August 2007.

Pre-2007

2006: Is there “Climate Security” for India? “Tipping Points” as Drivers of Future Environmental Conflicts. Background Paper. Tänzler, D./Schinke, B./Bals, C.

2005: Climate Change poses greater security threat than terrorism. Global Security Brief No. 3., Sawin, Janet L. Washington, D.C.: Worldwatch Institute.

2004: The Security Implications of Climate Change for the UN System. Background paper. Purvis, Nigel and Joshua Busby. Washington, D.C.: The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

2003: An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security.Schwartz, Peter and Doug Randal.  Emeryville, USA: Global Business Network (GBN).

2003: Weather Operations in the Transformation Era. John M. Lanicci, Air War College Maxwell Paper No. 29 (Maxwell AFB: Air University Press 2003)

2001: Security and Climate Change. Barnett, Jon.  Tyndall Centre Working Paper 7

1989: The implications of global climatic changes for international security. Gleick, Peter. Climatic Change Vol. 15, No. 1/2, pp. 309-325.

1989: Greenhouse warming and international politics: Problems facing developing countries. Gleick, Peter. Ambio, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 333-339.

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