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military-expert-panel-cover-page-2016Military Expert Panel Report: Sea Level Rise and the U.S. Military’s Mission, full report, September 2016

Summary: Note from Military Expert Panel, Executive Summary, Findings and List of Recommendations
Release event w/ General Ronald Keys, USAF (ret); Lieutenant General John Castellaw, USMC (ret); Vice Admiral (ret) Robert Parker, USCG (ret); Rear Admiral Jonathan White, USN (ret); Brigadier General Gerald Galloway, USA (ret); Joan VanDervort; Francesco Femia & Caitlin Werrell

USAsiaPacifcRebalanceImageThe U.S. Asia-Pacific Rebalance, National Security and Climate Change, full report with foreword by Admiral Samuel J. Locklear, III, USN (ret), former U.S. Pacific Commander
November 2015

Summary: Introduction, list of articles and excerpts
Release event w/ Admiral Samuel J. Locklear, III, USN (ret); Ellen Laipson; Sherri Goodman; Eric Schwartz


Arab Spring and Climate ChangeThe Arab Spring and Climate Change, full report with preface by Anne-Marie Slaughter, February 2013

Preface only
Read it in your browser
Release event video w/ Anne-Marie Slaughter and Tom Friedman



Academic Journal Articles

Werrell and Femia, “Climate Change, the Erosion of State Sovereignty, and World Order,” The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Volume XII, Issue 2, Spring-Summer 2016, pp. 221-235
Also here.

Werrell, Femia and Sternberg, “Did We See it Coming? State Fragility, Climate Vulnerability, and the Uprisings in Syria and Egypt,” SAIS Review of International Affairs, Volume 35, Number 1, Winter-Spring 2015, pp. 29-46

Werrell and Femia, “The Nexus of Climate Change, State Fragility and Migration,” Angle Journal (Imperial College London), November 26, 2015

Femia, Sternberg and Werrell, “Climate Hazards, Security and the Uprisings in Syria and Egypt,” Seton Hall Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Volume XVI, Number 1, Fall/ Winter 2014, pp. 71



Briefer Series

The following is a series of short, easily digestible briefers by the Center for Climate and Security which focus on exploring the regional, national and international security implications of climate change.



Central Asia & the Caucuses

Middle East

U.S. National Security

International Security

Technology and Tools



Conference Documents

Femia and Werrell, “Planetary Security: Peace and Cooperation in Times of Climate Change  and Global Environmental Challenges,” Conference Report, The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Hague, Nov. 2-3, 2015

Femia, Francesco in “The Debate Forum: Dangerous Intersection: Climate Change and National Security,” The Environmental Law Institute,, January/February 2016

Femia and Werrell, “Analysis of Syria: Lessons Learned,” Background Paper, Working Group I, Planetary Security Conference, the Hague, Nov. 4, 2015

Femia and Werrell, “UPDATE: A Catch 22 or an Opportunity? Climate change and instability in the Middle East and North Africa – the cases of Syria and Egypt,” slides prepared for the Arizona Bar Association, June 15, 2016

Femia and Werrell, “UPDATE: A Catch 22 or an Opportunity? Climate change and instability in the Middle East and North Africa – the cases of Syria and Egypt,” slides prepared for the Arizona State University’s Global Climate Security Webinar Series, Oct. 26, 2015

Femia and Werrell, “Climate Security 101,” slides prepared for Climate Security 101 Launch, July 2015



Book Chapters and Magazine Articles

Chapter 3: The climate and security imperative,” Handbook of Transitions in Energy and Climate Security, Edited by Robert E. Looney, Routledge, 2017

Chapter 1: An unstable, stable nation? Climate, water, migration and security in Syria from 2006-2011,” in Climate Hazard Crises in Asian Societies and Environments, Edited by T. Sternberg, Routledge, 2017

Chapter 21: Climate change risks to national and international security,” in Climate Change: A Risk Assessment, commissioned by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, July 13, 2015

Combatting climate change in the Asia–Pacific: lessons from the Marshall Plan.”
The Strategist, May 26, 2016

Femia and Werrell, “La geopolitica degli Stati Uniti”
pp80, Nov 2015


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