The Center for Climate & Security

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Pakistan flood reliefMission and Vision

The Center for Climate and Security (CCS), a non-partisan institute of the Council on Strategic Risks, has a team and distinguished Advisory Board of security and military experts. CCS envisions a climate-resilient world which recognizes that climate change threats to security are already significant and unprecedented, and acts to address those threats in a manner that is commensurate to their scale, consequence and probability.

In light of an increase in threats to security exacerbated by the effects of a changing climate, CCS develops policies that will adequately manage unavoidable effects on security and help to avoid effects on security that would be unmanageable or unpredictable. This includes developing robust policies that seek to reduce the scope and scale of climate change in order to avoid unmanageable or unpredictable threats.  CCS also develops robust adaptation policies that seek to manage the unavoidable, or “locked in” threats to security resulting from a changing climate.

This position is a clear-eyed, explicitly non-partisan approach rooted in fundamental national security approaches to threat reduction, and is based on numerous assessments by national security and intelligence communities that have raised significant concerns about existing and future threats from a changing climate.

To advance the above goals, CCS facilitates policy development processes and dialogues, provides analysis, conducts research, communicates to the public, and acts as a resource hub in the climate and security field.

Program Areas

  • Policy Development: Convening and facilitating public-private collaborative policy development processes and dialogues in critical areas of the climate-security field, such as the role of national and intergovernmental security institutions in addressing climate change.
  • Research: Conducting research to fill information gaps, including assessing the security community’s strategic and operational rationale for addressing climate change risks, examining the role of climate change, water and food insecurity in the security dynamics of strategically-significant regions of the world, and forecasting the potential of disruptive technologies to address climate and security risks.
  • Resource Hub: Answering frequently asked questions, keeping track of the latest policy developments, and acting as a resource hub for key climate and security documents from governments, international institutions, non-governmental organizations and academia.


Climate change, in both scale and potential impact, is a strategically-significant security risk that will affect our most basic resources, from food to water to energy.  National and international security communities, including militaries and intelligence agencies, understand these risks, and have already taken meaningful actions to address them. However, progress in comprehensively preventing, preparing for, adapting to and mitigating these risks will require that policy-makers, thought leaders and publics take them seriously.

CCS was founded in 2010 by Francesco Femia and Caitlin Werrell.

The Center for Climate and Security is a non-partisan institute of the Council on Strategic Risks, a non-profit organization.

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